The last day of February of every year, we celebrate the International Rare Disease Day, this year it will be the 10th anniversary of this celebration, established for the first time on February 2008 on the 29th of February, for it being a “rare day”.
In the world, around 6 or 8% of the global population is affected by this diseases. In Spain alone 3 million people are affected, according to the Federación Española de Enfermedades Raras (FEDER).
What it is a rare disease?
A disease is considered to be rare when it affects a limited number of the total population. In Europe it is less than 1 of every 2000 citizens (EC Regulation on Orphan Medicinal Products).
Most of the rare diseases are genetic in origin, which means that they are chronic and most of them manifest during childhood.
Other diseases are the result of infections, intoxications, allergies, or due to degeneraritives and proliferent causes or as an effect of the ambiental exposition usually combined with genetic susceptibilities.
“It can happen to anyone in a lifetime. It is not rare to have a rare disease at all”.
The World Health Organization (WHO) believes that there are more than 7,000 rare diseases. This is the “rare paradox”, which means that even if every one of them is very infrequent, all together, they affect a great amount of the population.
Regarding oral manifestations of these diseases, the most common are gum problems with inflammation and plaque accumulations that end up causing caries or loss of the periodontal support and subsequent loss of the teeth.
It is also frequent to find extra, missing, or malformation of the teeth or bone structure and alteration of growth of the jaw bones. This makes oral functions difficult such as mastication, speech, swallowing, etc. …
If you have any doubt regarding the oral health of your child or if you want to know how to take care of his/her teeth and jaw bones please contact us.
In Marbella you can contact the local association of rare diseases http://www.bubblesanddreams.org where they can give you more information.